Tap Water Sources
Types of water sources
There are two types of water sources: protected and unprotected. Protected water sources are mostly covered by concrete or other stonework to prevent chemicals, physical bodies and other biological contaminants from entering the source. Typically, the characteristics of protected water sources include:
1 Fully capped or enclosed, leaving no room for water to run directly into it
2 Sources of pollution like solid waste pits, latrines and animal excreta are located far from the source
3 There is no stagnant water within meters near the source
4 Hand pump and other water collection buckets are kept clean.
Four sources of water you should know
Groundwater is water found within rocks. The ground is one of the water sources present today. Unfortunately, the water is susceptible to pollutants. The contamination comes from things like chemicals, gasoline, oil and road salts as these things come into contact with the water. They make the water unsafe for human consumption and even though water makes an essential part of the water cycle, it needs to be treated with care before use.
Boreholes and wells
Boreholes and wells are almost everywhere. People prefer digging boreholes and wells on their property as a second source of water. There are different types of wells and boreholes. You can have the shallow boreholes and ones that are deep. For deep wells, you will need to use a water pump to raise the water for use. If you have a shallow well, a bucket can be used or a hand pump. In many places, they prefer a hand pump. Though not many people drink from these boreholes or wells, these water sources provide water for the yard and other garden uses. However, before drinking, make sure it is treated and goes through the water filter. Check out our article on water filters.
Rain and snows
Rain is the primary source of fresh water used in homes and in many other places. Some people may harvest their rainwater, but most of the time rainwater is harvested in big plants in order to provide the local community with enough water. This water is not free from contaminants. Chemicals in the air and other contaminants make it unfit for consumption. Always treat it before use.
Surface water sources
Surface water sources are sources like lakes, rivers, oceans and even wetland. The surface water sources use groundwater like springs and precipitations like rain and snow as replenishers. In most cities, municipal waters come from sources like lakes and rivers. Your local water suppliers treat the water to meet the drinking standard before it becomes readily available in your home tap. In the US, less than 1% of this water is used for consumption, the rest is used for activities like watering gardens, bathing, cooking and cleaning. One vital thing you need to remember is, even if you the water is treated, you still need to filter it out to make sure it is free from bacteria and other contaminants.
How does water get to your tap?
Water is pumped from natural water sources to services’ reservoirs where water is treated before ensuring there is enough pressure that can pump the water through pipes to your home. But first, the water is pumped to the reservoirs where the water is cleaned and stored. Then water pipes are used for the water to flow into your home and out of the tap.
The water we see flowing out of taps comes a long way. It passes through various channels, which means it can be prone to contamination. Although water has been treated and cleaned before it makes its way to your tap, you still need to filter it out to the highest degree possible before drinking it.