What Actually Is In Your Tap Water?

Your Tap Water is Disgusting…and Deadly

Water is life. Our bodies are 60% water and we’re much more reliant on water than we are on food. We can live without food for weeks—Mahatma Gandhi once fasted for 21 straight days—but three or four days without water will put us in danger of serious health consequences.

Hidden dangers in tap water

But water is ubiquitous, right? We’ve got taps in all of our homes, and if we’re out and about, almost every public space has public water fountains—or at the very least public restrooms with sinks where you could grab a drink if you needed to. As long as you’re not caught out in the dessert, you’re going to have good, healthy water around, right?
What if I told you that “good healthy water” wasn’t as good or healthy as you thought? What if I told you there were things in it that would give you pause?

1 – Chlorine

There’s a reason they use a lot of chlorine in swimming pools. It kills stuff. Chlorine has disinfectant properties that kill germs and algae that would make swimming pools unpleasant and unsafe.
Those same properties are why chlorine is also used to sanitize water in sewage and industrial waste.
And it’s in our tap water. All of our tap water has been treated by someone for something, and it’s almost all got chlorine in it.

chlorine in tap water

Chlorine in water produces hydrochloric acid that damages cells and causes respiratory problems. in 1977 : One study showed that women in seven New York state counties served by chlorinated water ran a 44 per cent greater risk of dying from cancer of gastrointestinal or urinary tract organs than comparable women whose water was not chlorinated.

2 – Arsenic

Arsenic is flat out poison but still used in industrial processes. There are environmental regulations that require it to be disposed of properly, but they aren’t always followed, and the result is a flood of arsenic that finds its way into our tap water.
Arsenic can cause abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea and even death in other cases. It also leads to lung cancer, bladder and even skin cancer.

One study of private wells in Michigan, tainted with arsenic in the 10 to 100 p.p.b. range, found increased mortality rates linked to everything from diabetes to heart disease.  2 million Americans are drinking high levels of arsenic in their well water

arsenic map
Arsenic in groundwater is largely the result of minerals dissolving from weathered rocks and soils. Several types of cancer have been linked to arsenic in water. In 2001 the US Environmental Protection Agency lowered the maximum level of arsenic permitted in drinking water from 50 micrograms per liter (ug/L) to 10 ug/L. Source :USGS


3 – Lead

You’ve probably heard of the ongoing disaster in Flint, Michigan, but lead is both one of the most common contaminants in tap water, and one of the most difficult to deal with. It can do untold damage to children, including developmental disorders, deafness, and learning disabilities. It’s also linked to prostate cancer, autism, premature births, and reproductive problems.

Lead can also cause premature birth if ingested during pregnancy. It is also linked to prostate cancer, autism and other reproductive problems in both male and female.

lead and children health

4 – Fluoride

Fluoride is supposed to help build strong teeth, and it the right doses, it does, but the right dose is hard to deliver via tap water. In the wrong doses, fluoride can not only cause tooth loss, but it can also calcify in our pineal gland and damage our thyroid. It’s even linked to ADHD and lowered IQ in children.

fluoride is so toxic that some states have already banned fluoridated water. high levels of fluoride may be toxic to brain and nerve cells. Why do we have fluoride in our water ?

fluoride side effects

5 – Nitrates

Nitrates are particularly dangerous for pregnant women and newborns. They’re odorless, colorless, and tasteless, so you can’t rely on your senses to tell you if they’re in your water. When nitrates get into the human body, they are processed into nitrites which, in turn, form methemoglobin. Methemoglobin is like hemoglobin with one exception.

Methemoglobin doesn’t have the oxygen-carrying capacity of hemoglobin, so if you have too much in your system, your cells aren’t getting the oxygen they need, resulting in methemoglobinemia or blue baby syndrome. High levels nitrate foul tap water illinois corn belt.

Nitrate in tap water

Source: ewg group

6 – Mercury

If you’ve ever accidentally broken a glass thermometer and looked up the regulations regarding disposal of mercury, you’ll be horrified to learn how often it ends up in tap water.

It can lead to brain damage, nerve damage, cognitive disabilities, headaches, muscle weakness, mood swings, muscle atrophy, loss of motor functions, and blindness. In addition to being a byproduct of industrial processes, not everyone is as careful as you are with broken thermometers. You may want to check out our news article You just don’t touch that tap water unless absolutely necessary !

7 – Bacteria

Bacteria are living organisms and there are more kinds of them than you can imagine. Many of them are harmless. Some of them are deadly. The list of bacteria that have been found in tap water include:

  • Campylobacter jejuni
  • Escherichia coli (e coli)
  • Giardia Lamblia
  • Hepatitis A
  • Legionella pneumophilia
  • Salmonella

They’re all deleterious to your health, causing everything from fevers, headaches, and diarrhea, to abdominal pain, vomiting, and in extreme cases, death.
in 2013-14, more than 20 drinking-water-associated outbreaks in 19 states were caused by Legionella  and resulted in 13 deaths.
If you have separate cutting boards for cutting raw poultry and wash your hands as soon as you handle it, you’re protecting yourself from salmonella, and the same contaminant might be in the tap water you give your children.
For more information about the diseases caused by Tap water in the US, please refer to our article :Tap water and diseases.

It’s Not Safe Because It’s Not Clean

You wouldn’t let your children drink sewage. Apart from being disgusting, it would be like handling your children sharp knives to juggle. It’s not a question of whether they’re going to get hurt, but when.
Much of American tap water used to be sewage. It goes through several processes that are supposed to clean it, purify it, and remove all the contaminants that do us damage. But regulations can only go so far, and are generally enforced retroactively—they rely on those who process the water to follow them and punish those who don’t rather than proactively ensuring our water is safe.

The Scariest Thing Isn’t What We Know

It’s what we don’t.
In February of 2018, a study by Maura Allaire of the University of California-Irvine revealed that public water systems in America are delivering contaminated water to as many as 45 million people. That’s 28% of the population, and even that isn’t the scary part.
The scary part is that the study was based on fewer than 18,000 water systems. That sounds like a lot until you realize that there are more than 160,000 public water systems in the United States. If 28% of the systems they looked at are contaminated, what’s going on in the systems they couldn’t look at?

A 2017 article on the quality of American drinking water included this quote from Marc Edwards, the Virginia Tech scientist that helped publicize the water-quality issues in Flint, Michigan:
“This has been tolerated so long, and it is so ingrained in the E.P.A. culture to look the other way,” he said. “They’re going to need outside pressure to act and enforce existing laws.”

Meanwhile, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention is trying to alert the public that knowledge about the full extent of contaminated drinking water is unknown. “Much is known about the risk factors for waterborne illness, but the overall occurrence of waterborne illness in the U.S. is unknown”

Bottled Water Isn’t the Answer

Many people who turn away from tap water turn to bottled water, but that’s not always a reliable alternative. Not only does bottled water put an unsustainable strain on our environment, most bottled water is merely tap water that’s been bottled without any extra filtration or purification. We’ve written before about what you need to know about bottled water.

If You Want it Done Right…

The only way to ensure that your water is safe is to purify it yourself and most of the filtration systems that you find at your grocery stores and Walmart aren’t going to cut it. We’ve previously written about how to make tap water safe to drink.


We want to think that our water is safe just like we want to think people are honest and kind, but the nightly news argues otherwise. How often have we seen government officials skimming from public funds, or corporate officers ignoring environmental regulations to boost their profits?
You simply can’t trust that your tap water isn’t full of disgusting things that could make you sick or even kill you. You can’t trust that if anything happens, you have a great health care system at your back because many of the effects of these contaminants are untreatable.
For more about the dangers lurking in your tap water and in order to answer this article’s question, What Actually Is In Your Tap Water, please download our free E-book in the subscription box above.

Tap Water and Diseases

Is Your Tap Water Making You Sick?

We wash with it, do our dishes and laundry with it. We drink it. We give it to our kids to drink. And it might be killing us.

Ask Yourself Where it Comes From…

Tap water isn’t born in a tap. It comes from a lake, river, reservoir, or reclamation facility. That’s right, your tap water has either been standing out in nature for animals to have at or is processed industrial runoff or reclaimed sewage.

Your tap water does not have a clean origin. To be sure, some of it comes from those mountain springs they use in beer commercials, but only some of it. Some of it literally comes from sewage.

Tap water treatment from waste

Yes, THAT sewage. It goes from your toilet to a treatment facility (see for example an illustration above of the Fiesta village wastewater treatment plant) where it’s cleaned and returned to the water supply. Now, the science behind the treatment is good, and the process generally works, but you have to ask yourself something:

Do You Trust the People Doing It?

Chances are, you don’t know the people in charge of ensuring that your tap water is clean. They’re off working for a utility company somewhere—a utility company that wants to make a profit.

drugs in the water cycle

How many stories have you heard about corporations putting profit before public safety? A hundred? A thousand? It happens all the time. In fact, in 2016, a major study from scientists at Harvard University concluded that more than six million people are drinking water contaminated by industrial chemicals linked to cancer and other health problems.

But there are enforcement agencies, right? There are state agencies that require water to be tested, and the EPA requires reports from everyone, right?

Sure, but consider this. The EPA requires those reports every six months. If there’s a problem with water quality that shows up in one of those reports, the EPA gives the state time to fix it. In the meantime, you could be drinking it.

And remember, the folks in Flint, Michigan have been dealing with lead in their water for years.

Bad Water can Kill You

In 2017, a report from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention revealed that there had been 42 drinking-water outbreaks in 19 states that caused hundreds of illnesses and 13 deaths. Those numbers don’t include the highly publicized reports of lead in Flint and elsewhere.

Photos of tap water in Martin County, Kentucky, each taken by different residents at various points from 2016 to 2018.Martin County Water Warriors Facebook group

Photos of tap water in Martin County, Kentucky, each taken by different residents at various points from 2016 to 2018.Martin County Water Warriors Facebook group.

Treatment processes clean a lot of things out of your tap water. Industrial chemicals, some pharmaceutical substances, disinfectants, and their byproducts, but the thing we want to concentrate on here is microorganisms.

Yes, microorganisms. Tiny little creatures that are as alive as you and me. Tiny little creatures that cause diseases that range from unpleasant to life threatening. Diseases like:


Just the name is a bit terrifying. Cholera is caused by a bacteria found in unsafe drinking water and uncooked food. It’s symptoms include severe diarrhea, and if untreated it can result in death within five days of infection. The World Health Organization reports that Cholera kills 120,000 annually.


It doesn’t have to be cholera. There are any number of microorganisms in your water that don’t play nicely with the human digestive system. It’s not pleasant, but diarrhea isn’t life threatening, is it?

Well, sometimes it is. It’s one of the leading causes of malnutrition and dehydration in the world, both of which open the door to a whole host of medical problems that can cause permanent disability or even death.


Amoebiasis is a parasitic infection caused when sewage is returned to the water supply without being properly treated. The fact that we have a name for this should probably be enough to scare you because we only name things that happen.

There are two big problems with amoebiasis that make it particularly dangerous. You can have the infection and go without symptoms for months or even years, and even if you’re not showing symptoms, you can pass the disease through simply contact or by sharing food or water.

That means you could contract it at work and pass it to your entire family before you even know you’re sick.

Symptoms include dehydration, weight loss, abdominal pain, bloody stool, and on occasion sever liver problems.
In 2007, 411 amebiasis cases were reported in California alone and the prevalence of E. histolytica infection in the United States has been estimated to be 4%.


Ever heard of Typhoid Mary? She was famous for passing disease and your water could be doing exactly the same thing. The symptoms of typhoid fever include a persistent high fever, stomach pain, muscle weakness, constipation, rashes, and anorexia. Typhoid fever attacks multiple organs and will likely lead to death if untreated. It’s also easily transmitted by simple human contact, and sometimes the bacteria that causes it survives treatment.

E. Coli

When you hear about e. coli in the news, it’s because some kind of food is being recalled or a restaurant is being closed because someone got seriously ill. It causes vomiting and diarrhea that can lead to severe dehydration and the myriad of health problems that result.


The salmonella bacteria is why you have to be so careful about handling raw chicken. If you take steps like using a separate cutting board for chicken, ensuring that you wash your hands thoroughly after you handle raw chicken, and the like, you should know that there’s a chance the same bacteria is in your tap water.

Symptoms include stomach pain, fever, and diarrhea that can—you guessed it—lead to severe dehydration.

Viral Diseases

Most of the things we’ve mentioned are caused by bacteria. Viruses are even smaller and harder to eliminate, and they can cause diseases like Hepatitis A, gastroenteritis, and more. They’re generally treatable, but they’re also avoidable.

Bottled Water Isn’t the Answer

Bottled water isn’t always a reliable alternative to tap water. While the beverage companies selling the water want us to believe it’s healthier and better tasting than tap water, the reality is that most bottled water is simply tap water that they’ve bottled to make it convenient. It hasn’t been filtered or purified in any way, and the sheer volume of plastic involved puts an unsustainable strain on our environment. Check out our detailed article on the outrageous facts about bottled water.

If You Want it Done Right…

If you’re relying on someone else to ensure you have safe tap water, you’re putting your health and that of your family, in the hands of people who probably don’t care. The only way to really ensure your water is safe is to take care of it yourself. We’ve previously written about how to make tap water safe to drink.


Using public water systems is a gamble and using bottled water has significant financial and environmental costs that don’t make water safer to drink.

It terrifies us and it should terrify you. The only real way to ensure you have safe water is to take care of it yourself. That’s why we’ve built this site. We’re not only trying to spread the news about water safety, we’ve done the research into filtration systems so you don’t have to. If you buy any of the filtration systems we recommend, you can be assured that they’ll get the job done.

What Scientists Have To Say

There are potentially dozens of reasons why you need to check the tap water in your home before even considering drinking it. Recently, Flint, Michigan was on the news headlines, because of something nobody expected: tainted tap water. A study showed that thousands of people in the city are exposed to dangerously high levels of lead and low levels of chlorine in their water supply. According to http://www.sciencemag.org/, between 2014 and 2017, “Residents also suffered the third largest outbreak of Legionnaires’ disease in U.S. history, with at least 87 people infected and 12 dead.” How did this happen?

Public driking water areas contamination
The dots on this map from EWG show areas where public drinking water was contaminated with either nitrates or trihalomethanes, a harmful chemical byproduct of the water treatment process.screenshot/ewg.org

An environmental microbiologist at the University of Alberta in Edmonton, Canada states, it’s “probably the first time” scientists have seen clear evidence of a relationship between chlorine levels and Legionnaires’ disease. But not all experts are convinced the relationship is straightforward.” Flint is not the only state that residents have to suffer from contaminated tap water, there are other states where residents have also complained.

In 2004, Environmental group lab tests detected toxic Chromium-6 in US tap water. Though the situation is a lot better, it is estimated that nearly 21 million residents relied on getting water from community systems that violated water quality standards. The study done by PNAS (Proceedings of the National Academy of the United States of America) found that community systems are violating water quality standards which puts all residents at risk. The water in our taps is not safe for human consumption. It has contaminants that pose danger to the public health and may lead to diseases.

What you need to know about drinking tap water

What scientists say about tap water in the US?

Different scientists have different opinions about the level at which they consider tap water to be  safe for human consumption. For example, in a report published on EWG, scientists claimed that about 14 million US residents use contaminated water. The water mostly has cancer-causing industrial solvents which are harmful and even deadly to the people of the US. The conclusion about the test was made public during EPA retreats, under Trump. The chemical found in the tap water was TCE or trichloroethylene, which is very harmful to humans. The retreats even suggested the chemical not to be used again in treating water.

The level of pollutants in tap water fluctuates all year round. EWG map shows the overall level of TCE as something to be concerned about. People whose water is polluted by this chemical may inhale it when washing dishes , showering, bathing and other everyday activities. According to the report, “The health risk from TCE is greatest for children because of their small size – on a body weight basis, they breathe in more air and drink more water each day than older children or adults.”

In 2017, the EPA research found toxins from HABs (Harmful Algal Blooms) increasingly contaminating water sources in America. Treatment facilities faced a daunting task trying to remove the toxins. The process was costly and effective, but still, somehow the toxins manage to reach your home through the faucet. In new studies, scientists are finding new potential problems that can help put new regulations for water companies distributing tap water to US residents. However, even by that time you would need to be extra cautious about your drinking.

Other scientists like CSIRO scientist Dr. Dong Han Seo claims that almost a third of the people living in the world don’t have safe drinking water. The figure is some 2.1 billion people. He continues to say “As a result, millions — mostly children — die from diseases associated with inadequate water supply, sanitation and hygiene every year.” So it is not in America alone, but people from different places face the same issue of not having clean and safe water.

Is Fluoridated Drinking Water Safe?

Does Fluoridating water make it safer ? is a big question as there are countries that are not fluoridating water and have cavities. Right from mid-1940s, mineral fluoride compounds are being added to water supplies in the U.S to fight tooth decay. In addition, the fluoridated toothpastes and several other products also promote dental health. The U.S. Public Health Service, in 53 years for the first time, recommended fluoride levels to be decreased in drinking water.

The Proof
In the 20th century, it was informed by scientists that fluoride in high levels in water supplies decreased tooth decay. Thus, Grand Rapids, Michigan, in 1945, added fluoride to tap water. As subsequent studies revealed a low cavity rate, this caught in the air covering all the cities and town.

Now, experts doubt this scientific basis. In 2015, global independent researchers studied and found that water fluoridation was truly effective in decreasing tooth decay only among children, but it did not meet the criteria of effectiveness in preventing cavities in adults. They say the investigations done before 1975 were flawed and the later studies failed to consider the toothpastes and other fluoride supplements also working to fight cavities. This explains the big cavity rates in countries that deny water fluoridation.

Moreover, at high levels, fluoride itself may be dangerous, as it can cause fluorosis—changes in tooth enamel. Fluoride can also change the bone tissue’s structure and weaken the skeleton.

What is more worrisome is that research on animals showed that high levels of fluoride may be toxic to brain and nerve cells. Possible links to learning, memory and cognition deficits have been identified by epidemiological studies on human populations with fluoride exposures higher than those typically provided by U.S. water supplies.

How then do you make your tap water safe for drinking?

There is a range of dangerous pollutants found in tap water (check out our article on what actually is in your tap water). In the US, bacteria like toxi Algae, E.coli and other have been found in tap water (check out our article on tap water and diseases). Also, other toxins like excess iron, lead, sulfur, dirt, and grit are known to cause health hazards in the nations. However, there are various steps you can take to make your tap water safe for drinking.  The most effective way of making your tap water safe for drinking is filtration. Check out our article How to safely drink tap water for more information.

Final words

When it comes to tap water, you need to look beyond the clean water you see with your naked eye. Scientists have found potentially harmful bacteria, viruses and chemicals that cause health complication, especially to children, the elderly and pregnant women. These people  are prone to the danger of unsafe tap water. Make sure your household is safe from drinking unsafe tap water by using water filters to make your drinking water safe.

How to safely drink tap water?

Take a look at a glass full of water. It might look refreshing and hydrating for your survival. However, before you take a sip, how do you know that it is free from all the disease causing organisms. Most of us don’t think about the quality of water we use for drinking. We turn on a tap, fill the glass and drink.

Inadequate sanitation, poor protection of drinking water sources and improper hygiene leads to sewage and feces contaminated water. This is the ideal breeding for the dangerous bacteria and viruses and the effects of these pathogens are staggering.

Over 1 billion glasses of tap water is drunk by Americans each day. Researchers found that cities with huge population like New York, Michigan, Colorado and North Carolina drinking water systems are heavily contaminated by toxic chemicals. Nearly 77 million Americans lived in places where the water systems were in some violations of safety regulations.

Purifying water is essential to make it drinkable. Water needs to be purified to eliminate parasites that cause amoebic dysentry and Giardia.

Some of the different methods used to purify water:

  • Boiling:

    Boiling water is the cheapest and the safest method of water purification. Water channels render your water unsafe. In this method, clean water should be brought to boil for 1-3 minutes. Boiled water should be covered and left to cool before using it for drinking. For water drawn from Wells, leave it for sometime for compounds to settle before you filter out clean water for use.

  • Distillation:

    Distillation is a method of water purification that utilizes heat to collect pure water in the form of vapor. For many, this method seems to be  effective by the fact that water has a lower boiling point than other contaminants found in water so it vaporizes easily and other substances have a higher boiling point which are left as sediments in the container.
    However distillation has its risks. Check out our article ‘Risks of distilled water‘.

  • Reverse osmosis:

    It is the most economical method of removing 99% of all contaminants. The pore structure of RO membranes is much tighter than that of UF membranes. RO membranes are capable of rejecting practically all particles and bacterias. In fact, reverse osmosis technology is used by most leading water plants. In the water purification systems, hydraulic pressure is applied to the concentrated solution to counteract the osmotic pressure. Pure water is driven from the concentrated solution and is collected downstream of the membrane. For more on RO, please read our blog article : how reverse osmosis works.

  • Filtration:

    Filtration is one of the effective method of purifying water. This method uses chemical and physical processes for the purification of water and make it safe for human consumption. Filtration eliminates both large and small compounds, dangerous contaminants that cause diseases. As compared to reverse osmosis, filtration is considered effective when it comes to selective elimination of much smaller molecular compounds such as chlorine and pesticides.


Recent advancements in water filter technologies:

All these years we have observed water filtration technologies evolving from day to day from cloth sieving to nanotechnology. Here are some latest developments in the water and filtration technology, have a look:

  • Filtering water with nanotechnology

    This authentic water filter is using titanium dioxide nanotechnology rather than the old polymer based water filtration membranes. It kills the harmful bacteria and also breaks down the organic compounds using the UV rays. It claims itself to be environment friendly as it reduces the accumulation of harmful microorganisms that harbour on wet surfaces.

  • Life straw

    Filter Techniques are not limited only in developing countries. There is a gradually increasing need in underdeveloped countries also for relatively cheaper gadgets in order to help them with filtration. One of the examples is Lifestraw. This simple technique is specially designed for individual use. It’s simple in use just like hanging it around your neck. It has 2 filters inside it- a membrane filter and a charcoal filter. Both these membranes function for purifying water.

      • Tata Swach

      Originated by Tata chemicals and Tata Data Research Development and design center, Tata Swach is launched in 2009. It is a water purifier which targets low income households. This water purifier uses rice husk ash and nano silver to kill disease and bacteria.

      • Slingshot

      This device was developed by Dean Kamen. The device is powered by a Sterling engine running on a combustible fuel source. It claims to create drinking water from almost any source by way of vapor compression distillation. It can even work using cow dung as fuel and does not need any filters.

      • Photocatalytic water purification technology

      This water filter technology uses photo catalysts and the UV rays from the sunlight to detoxify polluted water at high speeds. In photocatalytic water purification technology, it is the same reaction you used in your science project in school, where chlorophyll was enabled by using sunlight. It uses the sun’s UV rays to purify water. This process ensures to remove arsenic and bacteria among a few.


Conclusion :

Clean water is the elixir of life. Pure water is not just essential for public health but also to energy and agricultural production. Unfortunately, there is not enough drinking water to meet the needs and requirements of all the people in the world. So make use of the new and upcoming technologies to filter your water and stay healthy.

There are different ways of making sure your tap water is safe for drinking, but the safest of all would be to use water filters ( surprisingly, bottled water is not the solution !).

Water filters can remove bacteria, chemicals and awful odor or taste from your tap water making it safe for drinking and can be consumed immediately after treating.

We have gathered and reviewed some of the Best water softeners on the market. Check them out below.

Best water filters on the market

Clearly Filtered Water Pitcher with Lifetime Warranty

Our health is invaluable. When you drink water filtered by Clearly Filtered, you can drink with peace-of-mind knowing that your filter is removing the harmful chemicals and contaminants while maintaining the beneficial minerals and nutrients. Clearly Filtered Water Pitcher is one of the best water filter pitchers on the market. Below are some of its remarkable features.

Features You’ll Love:

  • Rigorously Tested – The pitcher’s been tested independently in labs that are EPA accredited . It also exceeds the NSF contamination standards.
  • Average filter life: 100 gallons (depending on water quality).
  • Removes more than 230 toxins and contaminants. Some of the contaminants that it removes are Chromium 6, Chloramines, chlorine, fluoride, lead, hormones and mercury. It will also keep the healthy minerals inside water.
  • Better Tasting and Cleaner Water – The filter and pitcher are both manufactured in the United States, non-leaching, 100% BPA✓-free and FDA approved medical and food grade materials. Made of 100% recyclable materials.
  • Awesome Customer Support and Lifetime Guarantee – If the pitcher ever breaks, the pitcher will be replaced at no cost. The company wants to ensure that you’re always drinking water that is safe and clean.
  • With each filter capable of purifying 100 gallons (380 liters) of water, the Clearly Filtered Pitcher is also a great economical choice at less than $.50 per gallon of filtered water.
  • 64oz or 1/2 gallon (1.9 liters)

Features You may NOT Like:

  • Water might leak around the filter after few months of use

View on Amazon

Woder 10K-DC Ultra High Capacity Under Sink Direct Connect Water Filtration System

Premium Class Ultra-Capacity, Direct-Connect, Under-Sink Filter. Enjoy pure, healthy water on tap. It’s called the Woder 10K because it can filter 10,000 gallons of water, while ordinary filters are only effective for 1,000 to 5,000 gallons. Below are some of the features of this system.

Features You’ll Love:

  • Should be used with properly disinfected or municipally treated water.
  • Doesn’t Require Plumbing – System comes with hoses that are ‘Direct Connect’, and these fit standard 3/8-inch water valves beneath US bathroom and kitchen sinks. These hoses are made for easy installation directly to your existing cold-water faucet stem and valve beneath the sink.
  • Eliminates 99.9% of contaminants such as lead, chlorine and lead with this system. It also eliminates heavy metals, VOCs and chromium 6, gets rid of bad tastes and odors and turbidity and mercury. The result is great tasting and smelling water right from your faucet.
  • Filters Out the Bad While Keeping the Good – Even though it gets rid of the contaminants in the water, it keeps the essential minerals that are naturally found in your water. It also will give you an easy stream and strong flow while giving you healthier water.
  • Lasts for a minimum of 3 years.
  • This Woder filter’s been built using materials that are NSF approved, tested by independent labs to  ANSI 42/NSF standards. This means that you know that you are going to be using a high-quality filtration system. The flow rate is 3GPM at @54 PSIg.

Features You may NOT Like:

  • Water flow  slows down significantly after few months of use
  • Will not last 3 years or 10k gallons. Maybe 6 to 12 months.
  • Might cause serious flooding after few months of use

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iSpring Water Filter

Tired of spending tens of dollars on water bottles every month? Looking for something to help purify your tap water to make it healthier and safer to use? you’ve found the solution you’ve been looking for. This iSpring High Capacity Reverse Osmosis water filtration system : This under sink filter removes up to 99% of over 1,000 contaminants including chlorine, lead, and calcium …

This one of the best water softeners, removes harmful pollutants without filtering out helpful minerals to ensure every glass of water is healthier and safer than bottled water making this a must-have for families that want to enjoy delicious, healthy and clean water. It can also be used for ice cubes, fresh tea, coffee and even baby formulas.

Features You’ll Love:

  • Reverse Osmosis (RO) filter that removes contaminants down to 0.0001 microns.  Contaminants including lead (removes up to 98% of lead), sodium , fluoride, chlorine, asbestos, calcium, bacteria, arsenic ,, hormones , giardia, viruses and more
  • High reliability and low maintenance for many years to come due to the premium quality components
  • Can Purify up to 75 gallons of water per day. Can be used with well water and heavily chlorinated water sources
  • Easy DIY installation with quick-fitting connections
  • Softens the water to make it safe for humans while retaining a natural taste
  • 30-day money back guarantee, 1-year limited warranty, and lifetime technical support
  • An Alkaline Remineralization filter restores the natural alkaline balance of water
  • It’s made to last making sure you get years of reliable and effective use
  • And So Much More!

So stop waiting and order today to enjoy drinking clear, clean and healthy water while keeping the costs down!

Features You may NOT Like:

  • Housings will eventually leak
  • Average customer service
  • Slow water flow after few months
  • Not so easy to install

Installation instructions :

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Home Master TMAFC-ERP

Having clean water isn’t a luxury, it’s a necessity for anyone that wants to drink clean, healthy and pure water. This under sink reverse osmosis water filter system makes it easier and more affordable than ever  to enjoy the purest drinking water that you won’t even find in stores.

Unlike other water filter systems that pass the water through 2 or 3 layers of filters, this drinking water filter uses a unique and innovative seven stage filtration and enhancement process that both purifies and enhances the water. It removes up to 98 percent of chemicals, including lead, chloramine, calcium and other contaminants. It is one of the best water filtration systems on the market.

Features You’ll Love:

  • Built-in non-electric permeate pump reduces water waste up to 80%
  • It’s the eco-friendly and the safe choice for any family
  • Full Contact technology adds calcium and magnesium minerals to enhance water taste
  • Can filter up to 2000 gallons which means you’ll need to change the filter only once a year
  • An Impressive RO system: With Home Master water system to the rescue, you can forget all the hassles of traditional RO system you must have had in the past.
  • Pure And crisp water: Now you can drink clean water that is rid of 98% pollutants including chemicals like chloramine and other impurities.
  • Feature calcium and magnesium for great taste during purification process.
  • Uniquely designed electric permeate pump: This helps reduce waste of water up to 80 percent while boosting water production by 50 percent.
  • Spots long lasting and easy to change filters: When it comes to changing filters, it is so easy to do that you wouldn’t even need wrenches to do it. More interestingly, you only have to change filter once a year or after every 2000 gallons of water.

Its green, it’s healthy and cost friendly! Order today and make the right choice for your health and your families.

Features You may NOT Like:

  • Changing the filter is not so obvious
  • System will take a lot of the space under you sink

How does reverse osmosis work?

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Bawell Platinum Alkaline Water Ionizer Machine

Do you want to cut down water usage when doing your laundry? Want your family to drink clean and healthy water? If yes, then this Alkaline Water Ionizer Machine is exactly what you’re looking for. Using a state of the art filtration and enriching system, this alkaline water ionizer provides Alkaline Ionized Water that’s healthier for drinking than store bought water and Acidic Water that’s perfect for cleaning.

Only alkaline ionized water made by electrolysis has been proven to be anti-oxidant and better for the body. This water ionizer installs under the sink or on the countertop and connects directly to your faucets to filter and enrich water ensuring each cup is just as healthy as the first!

Features You’ll Love:

  • Make alkaline and acidic water with PH Range 2.0 to 12.0 ORP Range +600 to -800
  • The filters are good for over 5000 liters making sure they last you throughout the year
  • Voice prompts automatically let you know when it’s time to change filters
  • Reduces water waste and increase the acidic properties of water for cleaning
  • It’s intuitive and easy to use as well as being easy to install
  • Order today and make the smart choice to safeguard your and your family’s health.

Features You may NOT Like:

  • Average to poor customer service

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Whirlpool WHER25 3-Stage Water Filter

Bottled water is wasteful, expensive and all around not as healthy as companies claim it to be. So what’s the solution for drinking healthy water without spending thousands of dollars every year? Simple, a high reverse osmosis drinking water filter system can provide you with pure, clean and delicious water that tastes better than any bottled water product on the market as well as being healthier and better for your overall health.

The powerful filters remove many contaminants including chlorine, sediment, cysts, lead along with other solids that are dissolved in water to make sure each glass of water is completely pure and safe to drink. It’s a one-time purchase that will last you years to come helping you cut down the costs of buying water to save you thousands while being better in every way!

Features You’ll Love

  • Reduce lead and other water contaminants by 99% to ensure unrivaled purity
  • Ultraease Technology lets you change the filters quickly and easily without any hassle
  • 3-stage filter system offers the same performance as 5 or 6 filters while being more cost friendly
  • High-quality membrane ensures that the filters last you for longer than the others
  • EZ Change Indicator Light lets you know when to change the filters

Order today to make sure your family drinks only the cleanest, purest and healthiest water while keeping the costs down.

Features You may NOT Like:

  • Average to poor customer service
  • Filters are not cheap
  • May become faulty after two years, .i.e. diaphragms could fail. Can become leaky

Installation instructions:

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APEC Top Tier Alkaline Mineral Water System

When it comes to clear and clean water nothing does it better than the 6-stage ultra safe reverse osmosis drinking water filter system. This water filter system is designed to provide you with a reliable and effective way to enjoy clean, clean and filtered water in the comfort of your home. It is one of the best currently available water filter system for home use.

Made using food-grade calcium, this reverse osmosis water filter enhances the PH level of the water so that you can enjoy drinking ultra-pure drinking water with added calcium minerals that tastes better as well as being healthier. It uses a unique 76 GPD 6-stage system that removes up to 99% of bacteria, viruses, cysts, organics, chemicals & ,many more to provide you water that’s safe and healthy for the whole family.

Features You’ll Love:

  • Reverse Osmosis (RO) filter removes contaminants up to 99%
  • Filters all impurities without removing healthy minerals
  • It’s durable enough to provide long term and reliable use
  • It’s easy to install and the filters can be readily changed
  • Each system comes with a 100% lead-free designer faucet

Order today to cut down costs and enjoy delicious and healthy water!

Features You may NOT Like:

  • Not so easy to install

Installation instructions:

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NU Aqua 5-Stage Under Sink Reverse Osmosis Water Filter

Looking for a way to cut down water costs but still enjoy pure water that’s both clean and healthy? If yes, then the NU Aqua high capacity Under Sink Reverse Osmosis drinking water filter is exactly what you’ve been looking for. Made to provide you with great taste, clean and healthy water around the clock, this under sink reverse osmosis water filter system uses a 5 stage filter process to remove any impurities without filtering the healthy minerals in the water.

At 100GPD this system doubles the water output while filtering out even the smallest impurities and provides a far superior taste than bottled water. The 5 stage filtration process ensures the highest standard of drinking water and installs easily under most sinks and even on countertops.

We use high-quality carbon filters that provide a higher absorption rate that prevents even the smallest of harmful particles to pass through without compromising the flavor of the water. This drinking water filter can remove up to 99% contaminants including arsenic, chlorine, fluoride, bacteria and lead.

Features You may NOT Like:

  • Average to poor customer service
  • Poor customer support
  • Leaks after only several weeks of use

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Brondell H2O+ Coral UC300 Three-Stage under Counter Water Filtration System with LED Faucet

Simple, reliable and cost friendly, this is the water filtration system you’ve always been looking for. If you’re tired of spending hundreds of dollars every month on bottled water and want to make the smart choice and get a water filtration system then this is the right choice for you.

 Comes with a designer chrome faucet that has an LED filter change indicator.  This under-counter water filter suits larger households that want a reliable water filtration system with a convenient and small footprint.

Features You’ll Love:

  • Each filter lasts 12 months with a 600-gallon capacity
  • Easy filter replacement with the Twist & Seal feature
  • Keeps essential minerals in the water
  • No leaks thanks to the double O-ring filter seal
  • Gold Seal certified by WQA (Water Quality Association) – Meets the  NSF/ANSI Standards 42, 53, and 372 and CSA B483.1 for Lead, Turbidity, Chlorine, Cysts, Chloramine, Mercury, MTBE, Asbestos, and VOCs.

Features You may NOT Like:

  • Water may taste different

Installation instructions:


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Woder 10K-Gen3 Ultra High Capacity Water Filtration System

This high capacity water filter uses state of the art filtration technology to filter water without removing the essential nutrients making it the healthiest choice for any home. The filters are made to last and ensure that every glass of water is just as pure as the first one making this the cost-friendly water solution you’ve always been looking for.

The unique high capacity water filter removes all contaminants and impurities t: lead up to 99.9%, heavy metals, chlorine, and many more impurities.

Features You’ll Love:

  • Comes with ‘Direct Connect’ hoses that fit most water valves – no need for plumbing!
  • Retains essential water minerals including calcium, potassium, and magnesium
  • Easy to install and use
  • Each filter can last you up to a year or longer as well as being easy to replace
  • Compact design means it takes less space while delivering the same amazing performance

For long-term use and unrivaled performance, use with municipal treated cold water only. So, order today to make sure you and your family drink only the most delicious, safest and 100% lead-free water while keeping the costs down.

Features You may NOT Like:

  • Doesn’t last 3 years or 10000 gallons as advertised
  • Reduced water flow after a year
  • Bad water taste after few weeks of use
  • Not so easy to install

Installation instructions:

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Home Master TMJRF2-BK

Hate having to deal with large bulky water filters? Want to save money and cut down water costs? Looking for something , compact and reliable? If yes, then this drinking water filter system has you covered. Made using high-quality materials with a compact design, it installs easily on  any sinktop to provide you with clean, healthy and pure drinking water that’s perfect for the whole family.

It takes a couple of minutes to install while the compact design minimizes the space it takes in your kitchen. Using our unique 3 stage filtration process it removes up to 93% of fluoride, chlorine, lead and other chemicals making this the perfect choice for any home. Thanks to the durable quality, it’s perfect for long-term use and maintains a reliable performance even after years.

To maintain optimal performance, it’s recommended that you change the filters every 3 months. Order today and enjoy clean, great-tasting water without compromising on the safety of your family while cutting water costs for good.

Features You may NOT Like:

  • Bad water taste after few weeks of use
  • Does not remove 93% of fluoride as advertised
  • Starts to leak after few weeks of use

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Tap Water Sources

Types of water sources

There are two types of water sources: protected and unprotected. Protected water sources are mostly covered by concrete or other stonework to prevent chemicals, physical bodies and other biological contaminants from entering the source. Typically, the characteristics of protected water sources include:

1 Fully capped or enclosed, leaving no room for water to run directly into it
2 Sources of pollution like solid waste pits, latrines and animal excreta are located far from the source
3 There is no stagnant water within meters near the source
4 Hand pump and other water collection buckets are kept clean.

Four sources of water you should know


Groundwater is water found within rocks. The ground is one of the water sources present today. Unfortunately, the water is susceptible to pollutants. The contamination comes from things like chemicals, gasoline, oil and road salts as these things come into contact with the water. They make the water unsafe for human consumption and even though water makes an essential part of the water cycle, it needs to be treated with care before use.

Boreholes and wells

Boreholes and wells are almost everywhere. People prefer digging boreholes and wells on their property as a second source of water. There are different types of wells and boreholes. You can have the shallow boreholes and ones that are deep. For deep wells, you will need to use a water pump to raise the water for use. If you have a shallow well, a bucket can be used or a hand pump. In many places, they prefer a hand pump. Though not many people drink from these boreholes or wells, these water sources provide water for the yard and other garden uses. However, before drinking, make sure it is treated and goes through the water filter. Check out our article on water filters.

Rain and snows

Rain is the primary source of fresh water used in homes and in many other places. Some people may harvest their rainwater, but most of the time rainwater is harvested in big plants in order to provide the local community with enough water. This water is not free from contaminants. Chemicals in the air and other contaminants make it unfit for consumption. Always treat it before use.


Surface water sources

Surface water sources are sources like lakes, rivers, oceans and even wetland. The surface water sources use groundwater like springs and precipitations like rain and snow as replenishers. In most cities, municipal waters come from sources like lakes and rivers. Your local water suppliers treat the water to meet the drinking standard before it becomes readily available in your home tap. In the US, less than 1% of this water is used for consumption, the rest is used for activities like watering gardens, bathing, cooking and cleaning. One vital thing you need to remember is, even if you the water is treated, you still need to filter it out to make sure it is free from bacteria and other contaminants.

How does water get to your tap?

Water is pumped from natural water sources to services’ reservoirs where water is treated before ensuring there is enough pressure that can pump the water through pipes to your home. But first, the water is pumped to the reservoirs where the water is cleaned and stored. Then water pipes are used for the water to flow into your home and out of the tap.


The water we see flowing out of taps comes a long way. It passes through various channels, which means it can be prone to contamination. Although water has been treated and cleaned before it makes its way to your tap, you still need to filter it out to the highest degree possible before drinking it.

Outrageous bottled water facts you need to know

Bottled Water Vs Tap Water Facts : 
You Don’t Make Water Safe by Putting it in a Bottle

If you’ve spent more than a few minutes looking around the site, you’ve probably seen our articles on the contaminants in tap water and the diseases it can cause.
If you’re like most people, those articles have you vowing to drink bottled water from here on out.
That sounds reasonable enough. After all, bottled water is supposed to be filtered or come from pure mountain springs that haven’t been touched by the hand of man.
Or something…
The fact of the matter is that bottled water is an enormous industry in America because Americans drink more bottled water than they do beer or milk—and we drink a lot of beer and milk.
Enormous industries don’t grow up around expensive practices like special filtration or mountain streams. The sad truth is that most bottled water is just tap water that someone put in a bottle to make it easy to sell.

bottled water vs tap water

Bottled Water Isn’t Healthier

To be sure, there are brands of bottled water that do come from pure mountain springs, or that use outstanding filtration methods. There are niche brands in every industry but those brands are more expensive and if you aren’t paying particular attention to the water you drink, they’re probably not what you’re drinking every day.

March savings spree — courses start at just $12.99!

Bottled Water Vs Tap Water Facts

Most brands of bottled water are either using tap water or using water that comes from the same sources as tap water. The water comes from the same reservoirs, lakes, rivers, and treatment plants that tap water comes from.It’s the same water.That means it’s gone through the same treatment processes and suffers from the same contaminants that tap water does. It’s just tap water that’s been packaged for easy sale (check out the Dasani tap water scandal here).

It’s a False Sense of Security

That idea you have in your head that bottled water is somehow purer than tap water is simply the result of marketing. They don’t come right out and tell you that it’s healthier, but they bombard you with images of mountain streams and everyday athletes, so you associate their product with notions of purity and health.

It’s the worst kind of marketing, offering you a false sense of security and charging a hidden cost.

The Costs of Bottled Water

Everything costs something, even if it’s just a little bit of time. As it turns out, the costs of bottled water are significantly higher.
We can fill approximately 4800 water bottles with $2.10 worth of tap water. That’s 0.04 cents per bottle. And what are we paying for that bottle of water? If we’re buying it in a grocery or convenience store, it’s often at least one dollar, and sometimes two.
That’s 2300-4600 times what it would cost to fill that bottle with tap water, and that additional cost isn’t providing us any further safety than if we filled it with tap water ourselves.

Now consider this. Americans consume roughly 36.4 gallons of bottled water per person per year. That’s about 1.7 billion bottles a year, and at a dollar a bottle, well, it’s $1.7 billion. At $2.10 per 4800 bottles, that would be $743,750. The difference is $1,699,256,250.
Could your child’s school use their share of $1,699,256,250? Could your retirement fund? Got any potholes on your street that could be filled with money we spend on tap water in bottles?

The Money Isn’t Even the Biggest Cost

Plastic is a problem. It doesn’t biodegrade easily, and because it takes crude oil to make it, every plastic bottle, every plastic straw, every plastic anything contributes to climate change because it requires the burning of fossil fuels.
Do you know how many of those 1.7 billion bottles of water are recycled every year? It’s about 10%. That means we’re putting more than 1.5 billion plastic bottles in our landfills every year—and that’s not including the bottles used for other beverages. All told, the number of plastic bottles we dispose of is about 35 billion.

That means we have to make 35 billion new plastic bottles every year, and that requires the burning of fossil fuels. All told, bottle manufacture takes 17 million barrels of oil in a year—enough to fuel a million cars.

The Dangers of Bottled Water

Scientists at the State University of New York—Fredonia analyzed 259 bottles of water from around the world, and almost all of them had tiny particles of plastic in the water that would be consumed by humans. Only 17 of the tested bottles were free of these micro particles. The plastics involved (see image below) included nylon, polypropylene, polyethylene terephthalate and others that are even harder to pronounce.

types of plastic found in bottled water

The studies on what, exactly, these micro plastics are doing to our bodies haven’t been done yet. That’s why the World Health Organization has announced that it’s doing a review of the risks and considers the issue an “emerging area of concern.”

Most people have heard of BPA and the potential harm it can cause, but there’s a similar chemical—BPS—that’s used in many plastics and that hasn’t received the same attention. That means it’s still in things we use every day and potentially causing significant harm like:

  • Hormone Disruption and Fertility

There’s a lot that goes into fertility, but hormones drive it, and some of the chemicals in plastics—like BPS—can disrupt hormone production with deleterious effects on fertility.

  • Fetal and Infant Development

Hormones also guide the process of development from the moment an egg is fertilized until several years into a child’s life. Exposure to hormone disruptors—including those in plastics—can significantly damage a child’s fertility before they even hit puberty.

  • Cancer

Exposure to what researchers call “estrogenic chemicals” like BPA and other plastic materials has been shown to increase the risk not just of breast cancer, but of prostate and testicular cancer.

  • Simple Toxicity

Chemicals and micro plastics don’t have to be shown to cause specific diseases to have a deleterious effect on your body. Your body has built-in filtration methods to make sure your organs and tissues are protected from environmental toxins. Consuming microplastics is not only making them work harder but work on things they’re not designed to deal with.
As a result, researchers have found microplastics in both blood and urine. Once something is in your blood, it’s getting to all the cells and tissues in your body, and they don’t know how to cope with plastic.

The Only Way to Be Sure is to do it Yourself

There are procedures in place to ensure that water supplies are safe but many of them are enforced in retrospect if at all. That is, they will wait until something goes wrong and fine the people who were in charge of preventing it.
I don’t think I have to tell you that this isn’t the most effective form of enforcement. To a corporation—whether it’s the utility providing your tap water or the beverage conglomerate bottling it—governmental fines are part of doing business. If the fine costs less than the safety process—and that’s usually the case—the corporation is usually willing to forgo the safety process to maximize profits.
More to the point, fining the people who gave you tainted tap water isn’t going to prevent you from getting sick or worse.
The unfortunate reality is that there is only one way to ensure that your water is safe and clean. You don’t have to depend on a corporate entity to put your safety ahead of their profits. You don’t have to depend on government bureaucrats caring about their job. You can do it yourself by filtering your own water.
It sounds complicated, and it can be, but it doesn’t have to be. We’ve done the hard part and researched what works and what doesn’t and gathered the best selling tap water filters in this article .

Tap water treatment

Several years ago, controlling waterborne diseases was the main reason why water was treated. Today small and large water agencies try hard to make sure people everywhere get the highest quality drinking water. However, despite the efforts, there has been outbreaks of typhoid, cholera and other waterborne diseases in various states. These and other infections are frequent, which has led to different methods being used to treat tap water. Here are five ways used and reasons why they are still enough to make tap water safe for drinking.

Tap water treatment processes


Your tap water is subjected to screening before passing through other treatment processes before it gets to your home. Water from natural sources like the ground, lakes and rivers passes through a screen before it enters a treatment plant. The screen serves as an important function where large contaminants like wood, plants or fish are kept out. Groundwater also needs screening even if it passes through layers of the earth. The larger particles are kept out of the treatment plant to prevent further disruption during the purification process.


During the coagulation process, workers at the treatment plant add chemicals like alum to the water. The chemicals cause tiny sticky particles to form. They also attract dirt in the water, making them heavy enough to sink to the water storage tank bottom. This process allows for easy conveyor removal. In other instances, the dirt particles rise to the surface and skimmed off easily.


Sedimentation is a water treatment process that uses gravity to remove suspended solid particles from the water. Also called settling basins or clarifier, a sedimentation basin is a large tank with lower velocity. The low water velocity allows the dirt to settle at the bottom before they are removed. The heavy dirt formed sits at the bottom until removal.


The filtration process is when treated water passes through several layers of sand, gravel and perhaps charcoal for filtration. All the remaining particles are removed during this process. The gravel, sand and charcoal are often about a foot deep or about 2 ½ feet deep . The sand and gravel make sure all remaining dirt particles remain there as the water passes to other treatment basins in the plant. Other processing plants use cloth, carbon, trap and even crushed walnut shell to filter out the water before it gets to reservoirs.


After coagulation, sedimentation and filtration the water goes into a reservoir or closed tank where disinfecting begins. Chemicals like choline that kill remaining bacteria and microorganisms are added into the water. They help keep the water clean before and during distribution. Even when the treatment plant near you uses groundwater, disinfection is essential to treat the water before it gets to your tap. After this process, the water is distributed to the community. Only then will the treated water flows through pipes to your home or business premises. Tap water is the final product of the water treating process.

Why is treated tap water still not fit for drinking?

Through all the processes that treated water goes through, there are still some particles that manage to slip through and get to your tap. Bacteria and microorganisms can get to your tap. The chemicals added like chlorine, arsenic and fluorine are still available in the tap water getting into your home. This poses a risk to your health.

There are different contaminants found in tap water that you wouldn’t even have thought or known.For example, recently, the sludge chemical from shoe manufacturers in Michigan was present in Plainfield Township tap water. According to women’s health website, “The area lies about 120 miles from Flint, where, in 2015, dangerous levels of lead were found in the cities drinking supply.

Flint water crisis timeline

Experts soon linked the tainted water to local outbreaks of Legionnaires’ disease (a severe form of pneumonia). More than a dozen people died, fertility rates plummeted, and the toll on countless children’s future health might not be known for a generation.”


Flint, water goes bad


There are other cases that go unreported, but the truth is, tap water contains potentially harmful things. Michigan is not the only state, The NRDC (Natural Resources Defense Council) a nonprofit environmental advocacy group, found that about one-quarter of Americans drink water from plants that violate the Safe Drinking Water Act regulations .

Alternative to tap water

Some people think that drinking bottled water is the safest way out. However, some sources claim that bottled water is the same as tap water. There are better ways you can get safe water for drinking.

For example, using water filters, is the best way to access clean and safe water for drinking.Check out our best selling and reviewed water filters here